What Is an Inverter Generator & How Does It Work? (Pros and Cons Included)
Are you thinking about getting a new inverter generator and want to know about the pros & cons of these devices? I have great news for you! Our team here at Generatorist has helped over 430,000 visitors find information about generators and we will help you as well.
If you’re thinking about purchasing a new generator, you’ll have quite a few choices in terms of which one to choose.
Not only are there many different brands and models of generators available, but there are also several different types.
In addition to standard generators and portable generators, one type that many people are unaware of is the inverter generator.
These generators may not be quite as common, but they certainly have their advantages, and they’re worth considering when you’re in the market for a new device.
What Is an Inverter Generator?
Put simply, an inverter generator is a generator that inverts electricity to provide clean, efficient energy.
With a traditional generator, the power is produced by the alternator, then fed to the control panel, where it’s used to provide power to your appliances, power tools, electronics, etc.
Here is our list of the power consumption of the most common appliances you can find in your home. Feel free to check it out.
With an inverter generator, though, an extra step is added to the process, allowing the unit to produce cleaner power.
Moreover, this type of generator adjusts its engine speed to meet the demands for power supply thus reducing overall fuel consumption and noise levels.
Pros of an inverter generator:
- Produces power with significantly lower THD
- Lighter and smaller
- More energy efficient than traditional generators
- Much lower fuel consumption
- Parallel capability
- Quieter than traditional generators
Cons of an inverter generator:
- Significantly more expensive than traditional generators
- Lower power output – limited wattage range
- Costly repairs and servicing
How Does an Inverter Generator Work?
When an inverter generator is producing power, the process is a bit more complex than it is with a standard generator. Here is a great overview of the way standard generators work and a description of individual parts of a generator as well.
Instead of being sent directly to the control panel, the AC (alternating current) power produced by the alternator is sent to a device called a rectifier.
The rectifier converts the AC power to DC (direct current) power. You can learn more details about how a rectifier works in this article here. Then, the computer inside the generator inverts the DC power back to AC power.
That last step is why these generators are called “inverter” generators.
Finally, the AC power is sent to the control panel before being used to power whatever the generator is connected to. Now, the power is “cleaned” and safe for all sensitive & smart devices.
What Are the Pros of Inverter Generators?
One of the most notable advantages of inverter generators is that they’re perfect for powering small devices, such as computers, televisions, and smartphones.
Because of the inversion process that takes place within the generator, an inverter generator produces power with a significantly lower THD (total harmonic distortion) than that of a standard generator.
THD is a measure of how clean the power is, and when you’re powering sensitive electronics, you want a lower THD to ensure that they don’t become damaged.
Another advantage of inverter generators is that they’re typically more energy-efficient than most other types of generators.
This is because unlike standard generators, inverter generators electronically throttle their engines up and down depending on the current demand for power.
That way, they only use as much energy as is absolutely necessary for the task at hand, rather than running at full power all the time.
As a result, you’ll usually have more time before you need to refill an inverter generator’s fuel tank than you would with most other types of generators.
What Are the Cons of Inverter Generators?
To most consumers, the most significant disadvantage associated with inverter generators is the price tag.
On average, inverter generators are significantly more expensive than most other types of generators.
As a result, they are typically purchased by people with specific needs as well as people working with very large budgets.
If you have a limited amount of money to spend, you’ll probably only want to go with an inverter generator if it’s a significantly better fit for your needs than other generator types.
The other disadvantage of inverter generators is that they have a limited wattage range.
While some traditional generators can produce upwards of 17,000 watts, inverter generators don’t usually reach figures higher than around 7,000.
As a result, there are many situations in which an inverter generator simply won’t provide enough power to be effective, making them somewhat of a niche product.
Inverter Generator vs Generator
When deciding which generator is right for your purposes, you’ll probably want to consider a number of factors.
Here, we’ll take a closer look at how inverter generators stack up with standard generators in several important categories.
Design and Portability
In most cases, inverter generators are noticeably lighter and more compact than other types of generators.
As a result, most models of inverter generators are quite portable, making them a popular choice for activities like camping and RV travel.
Inverter generators come in two main sub-types: closed-frame and open-frame. Closed-frame inverter generators are especially compact, and they feature special protective shells containing noise-absorbing insulation.
Typically, closed-frame inverter generators are very light and portable.
Open-frame inverter generators don’t have the protective shells or insulation of their closed-frame counterparts, and they tend to be a bit heavier and slightly more cumbersome.
However, the power they produce is just as clean, and they are usually capable of producing more power than closed-frame models.
With any type of generator, the price can vary quite a bit depending on the power output and specific features of the unit.
However, inverter generators are a fair bit more expensive than most other types of generators on average.
For example, if you were to look at a standard portable generator and an inverter generator with similar wattage outputs, there’s a good chance that the inverter generator would cost several hundred dollars more.
Of course, the cheapest inverter generator will still be much less expensive than most high-end standard generators, so you should always consider the quality and specifications of the devices.
In most cases, inverter generators will run more quietly than other types of generators. This is especially true with closed-frame models.
Typically, the low noise levels of inverter generators are a major selling point for consumers.
That said, there are also many models of standard generators that come equipped with special noise reduction features.
On average, though, an inverter generator will be a better choice if quiet operation is a priority for you.
If you’re looking to select a generator with excellent fuel efficiency, you can’t go wrong with an inverter generator.
Because of their ability to adjust the speed of their motors, inverter generators never use more fuel than they need to for the job at hand.
This is in contrast to most standard generators, which produce a steady amount of power at all times.
As a result, you will likely be able to offset a significant chunk of the purchase price of your inverter generator by saving money on fuel in the long run.
Additionally, inverter generators typically have lower emissions than other types of generators, meaning they tend to be more eco-friendly as well.
Many models of inverter generators offer the capability to parallel with other generators.
This nifty feature helps make up for what inverter generators lack in power, as you can significantly increase that output by pairing two units and combining their power.
To do so, you simply need two generators with parallel capability and a parallel cable.
Granted, this option is only possible with certain models, but it’s typically more common with inverter generators than it is with standard units.
It’s important to note that many factors influence how long a generator can run, including the size of the fuel tank, the type of fuel, and the specific power demands.
So, there’s no general rule for how long inverter or standard generators can run. However, inverter generators do typically offer longer run times on average than standard generators.
This is mostly due to the aforementioned ability that inverter generators have to automatically throttle down when less power is needed.
On average, a standard generator will likely be able to run for approximately six to 10 hours, while an inverter generator will be able to run for about 10 to 16.
Depending on the situation you’re in and what you’re using the generator for, that extra four to six hours can certainly make a significant difference.
Quality of Power Output
Although standard generators are usually capable of producing more power than inverter generators, the power that inverter generators produce is typically cleaner.
This is mainly an important consideration when you’re powering sensitive devices.
If you attempt to power your smartphone or computer with a standard generator, the high THD of the electricity could potentially damage the device.
When you’re powering heavy-duty equipment or large appliances, this is unlikely to be an issue.
Why Are Inverter Generators More Expensive?
There are a couple of reasons why inverter generators tend to come with larger price tags than standard generators.
For one, you’re typically paying extra for the improved efficiency and quieter operation.
Additionally, there’s the fact that inverter generators utilize modern, innovative technology for the power inversion process, and that technology is not cheap to design.
Ultimately, you have to evaluate your own needs and situation to decide if it’s worth spending more money for an inverter generator.
There are plenty of contexts in which a standard generator will be a great choice, but if you have a genuine need for an inverter generator, then they’re worth the investment.
The Bottom Line
As you can see, there is certainly plenty of merit to inverter generators. These specialized devices aren’t right for every purpose or every person, but they offer quite a few advantages.
If you prioritize things like fuel efficiency, quietness, portability, and the ability to safely power sensitive electronics, you really can’t go wrong with an inverter generator.
Fortunately, there are many different types and models of generators available with various features and specifications.
No matter what your personal needs and preferences are, you should be able to find a generator that’s an excellent fit.
That perfect fit may not be an inverter generator, but it’s absolutely worth considering one before you make your choice.
Read next on Generatorist:
- Choosing the Best Generator for Your Household
- What Size Generator Do I Need to Run a Refrigerator?
- Best 2000 Watt Portable Generators
- Power Consumption of Household Appliances
- How to Store Your Portable Generator: Short Term & Long Term Storage Tips
- List of Electric Appliances & Their Wattage Usage
- What Can You Run on a 2000 Watt Generator?
- How to Easily Tune Up Your Generator
Founder, Generator enthusiast
Our aim here at the Generatorist is to become the No. 1 resource for all things related to generators & your power needs. We have helped over 430,000 visitors with our tips, articles and reviews and we will help you as well.
Our work has been featured in many publications around the world – Yahoo.com, Telegram.com, PaylessPower.com, TopTenReviews.com, TechRepublic.com, ThePrepared.com, Renogy.com or ADT Solar. Generators are our passion, and we strive to provide the most reliable & most comprehensive information out there.